|Tunisian Order of Glory|
The Tunisian Order of Nichan Iftikhar or
|The Tunisian Order of Glory (Nichan Iftikhar) was founded in a single class in approximately 1835 by Mahmud Bey Mustafa bin Mahmud Bey 1835-37, although some place its establishment at an earlier date and credit its inception to Husayn II bin Mahmud Bey. It traces its lineage to the Ottoman decoration of a similar name. It would become the principal Tunisian Order under the French Colonial Rule.|
Ottoman Order of Glory Type 2
|The Ottoman Order of Glory was instituted in 1831 as an award
of general merit. The order came in one class, a breast badge suspended
either by a hook shaped pin (type 1) or a ribbon (type 2). |
Some sources indicate that the Turkish Order became obsolete after the Mejidie Order was introduced in 1852, but type 2 examples were awarded as late as the reign of Abdulhamid II (1876-1909). Great variations exist in this order and little hard information is available regarding design criteria.
The first awards of the Tunisian Order to foreigners did not begin until the Order was expanded to five classes in 1843 by Ahmad I bin Mustafa Bey. Later, Muhammad III al-Sadiq bin Husayn Bey standardized the design of the Order. In 1882 the Order was expanded to six classes under French influence. By the beginning of the twentieth century, the order had become an award for long and noteworthy service to the colonial regime. In early years, a Tunisian subject, who was promoted to first class, was required to turn in the second-class badge. This accounts for the rarity of the second-class badges.
The obverse design was that of an oval badge, bearing the name of the ruling Bey in its green-enameled center, suspended by a jeweled bow. Designs seem to have varied widely, based on the rank of the recipient and the manufacturer’s interpretation of the Sultan’s cipher. Later, the badge became a ten-pointed silver star with alternating green and red points and with rays in the angles, with the reigning Bey's name in the green-enameled center medallion. The center is surrounded by a jeweled circlet and suspended by a jeweled bow. The reverse is plain. The ribbon is light olive-green with two narrow red stripes toward each edge.
The Order was issued during the following reigns:
I. THE MEDALS
Mustafa Bey (1835-37) awarded in a single class
Ahmad Bey (1837-55)
Muhammad Bey (1855-59)
Muhammad al-Sadiq Bey (1859-82) awarded in five classes
Ali Bey (1882-1902) awarded in six classes
Muhammad al-Hadi Bey (1902-6)
Muhammad an-Nasir Bey (1906-22)
Muhammad al-Halib Bey (1922-29)
Ahmed Pasha Bey (1929-42)
Muhammad al-Munsif Bey (1942-43)
Muhammad al-Amin Bey (1943-57)
Chart of Cyphers